Region Vorpommern

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By admin August 24, 2015 15:48

Region Vorpommern

The name Pomerania stems from the Slavic word “po more – by the sea”. It describes a large area at the southern Baltic Sea coastline on both sides of the River Oder. To the west, Pomerania almost extends to Rostock.

The western border is less than 100 km away from Gdansk. The offshore islands of Rügen, Usedom and Wolin, for instance, are part of Pomerania as well. The territory to the west of the River Oder is commonly called “Vorpommern” (Western Pomerania) and the territory to the river’s east is commonly known as “Hinterpommern” (Eastern Pomerania). Since 1945, the River Oder has been used as the German-Polish borderline and thus, Eastern Pomerania is situated in present-day Poland.

In medieval times, Pomeranian dukes reigned over the country. Some cities, among which were Stralsund and Greifswald, were part of the Hanseatic League. After the Thirty Years’ War and the extinction of the Pomeranian duchy, large parts of Western Pomerania passed to Sweden and were not under German sovereignty again until 1815. Today, Western Pomerania forms the eastern part of the federal state Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Western Pomerania become the most popular holiday destination in all of Germany. Its pristine and diverse coastal and cultural landscapes offer everything needed for a healthy and eventful stay. Several of Pomeranian’s areas have been put under special protection as national parks and biosphere reserves.

RIMG0028With your bike, you can explore the country by using the well-structured road network, among others the “Ostsee-Fern”-cycle track. Or you can discover nature’s beauty on horseback. You can discover the pleasures of swimming in the Baltic Sea wherever you look but especially at the sandy beaches miles long on the islands Usedom, Rügen, and the peninsula of Fischland-Darß-Zingst. Already the German Emperor went to Usedom which is why towns like Ahlbeck, Heringsdorf, and Bansin on Usedom are still called “Die Kaiserbäder” (the Emperor’s resorts). With its wide sea, shallow boddens, rivers, and inland waters, Western Pomerania is an untouched Eldorado for water athletes. Be it sailing, surfing, canoeing, or fishing, you will find the best touristic infrastructure for all of them. Ornithologists, too, are given many opportunities to observe waterfowl in particular in the many aqueous environments. The halt of the cranes in spring and fall, during which tens of thousands of these majestic birds gather, are widely known beyond our country’s border.

Rügen’s cliff coast with its famous, 100 m high “Königsstuhl” (King’s Chair) at the 16km long chalk cliff, the wild and romantic west coast on Darß with the “Darßer Jungle” and Hiddensee Island are the highlights of Western Pomerania’s landscape.

Those of you interested in history and culture will get your money worth in the Hanseatic Cities of Stralsund and Greifswald. Since 1456, Greifswald has been a university town and, still today, the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University is among students’ favorite places of study. Greifswald is the native town of Caspar-David-Friedrich, a painter of the romanticism. The Pomeranian State Museum in Greifswald possesses many of his paintings

RIMG0051Peenemünde, the controversial “Birthplace of Aerospace” where countless concentration camp inmates were enslaved, and Prora on Rügen with its incomplete “Resort of 10,000” are seen as Western Pomerania’s most significant memorials of the Nazi era.

The Friedrich-Löffler-Institute (the federal research institute for animal health) on the island of Riems, and the Leibnitz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology in Greifswald are only two examples for modern non-university research at the highest stage.

admin
By admin August 24, 2015 15:48